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O'Reilly, CM., Sharma, S. and et al. (2015). Rapid and highly variable warming of lake surface waters around the globe. Published on-line.. Geophysical Research Letters, , -. DOI: 10.1002/2015GL066235..

Carss, D., Spears, BM., Quinn, L. and Cooper, R. (2012). Long-term variations in waterfowl populations in Loch Leven: identifying discontinuities between local and national trends. Hydrobiologia, 681(1), 85-104. DOI: 10.1007/s10750-011-0927-6.

Carvalho, L., Miller, C., Spears, BM., Gunn, IDM. and et al. (2012). Water quality of Loch Leven: responses to enrichment, restoration and climate change. Hydrobiologia, 681(1), 35-47. DOI: 10.1007/s10750-011-0923-x.

Dudley, B., Gunn, IDM., Carvalho, L. and et al. (2012). Changes in aquatic macrophyte communities in Loch Leven: evidence of recovery from eutrophication?. Hydrobiologia, 681(1), 49-57. DOI: 10.1007/s10750-011-0924-9.

Elliott, JA. and Defew, L. (2012). Modelling the response of phytoplankton in a shallow lake (Loch Leven, UK) to changes in lake retention time and water temperature. Hydrobiologia, 681(1), 105-116. DOI: 10.1007/s10750-011-0930-y.

Gunn, IDM., O'Hare, MT., Maitland, PS. and May, L. (2012). Long-term trends in Loch Leven invertebrate communities. Hydrobiologia, 681(1), 59-72. DOI: 10.1007/s10750-011-0926-7.

May, L. and Spears, BM. (2012). A history of scientific research at Loch Leven, Kinross, Scotland. Hydrobiologia, 681(1), 3-9. DOI: 10.1007/s10750-011-0929-4.

May, L., Defew, LH., Bennion, H. and Kirika, A. (2012). Historical changes (19052005) in external phosphorus loads to Loch Leven, Scotland, UK. Hydrobiologia, 681(1), 11-21. DOI: 10.1007/s10750-011-0922-y.

May, L. and Spears, BM. (2012). Managing ecosystem services at Loch Leven, Scotland, UK: actions, impacts and unintended consequences. Hydrobiologia, 681(1), 117-130. DOI: 10.1007/s10750-011-0931-x.

May, L. and Spears, BM. (2012). Loch Leven: 40 years of scientific research - Understanding the links between pollution, climate change and ecological response. Special Issue.. Hydrobiologia, 681, 1-130.

Spears, BM., Carvalho, L., Perkins, R., Kirika, A. and Paterson, DM. (2012). Long-term variation and regulation of internal phosphorus loading in Loch Leven. Hydrobiologia, 681(1), 23-33. DOI: 10.1007/s10750-011-0921-z.

Winfield, IJ., Adams, CE., Armstrong, JD. and et al. (2012). Changes in the fish community of Loch Leven: untangling anthropogenic pressures. Hydrobiologia, 681(1), 73-84. DOI: 10.1007/s10750-011-0925-8.

May, L. and Carvalho, L. (2010). Maximum growing depth of macrophytes in Loch Leven, Scotland, United Kingdom, in relation to historical changes in estimated phosphorus loading. Hydrobiologia, 646(1), 123-131. DOI: 10.1007/s10750-010-0176-0.

Salgado, J., Sayer, C., Carvalho, L., Davidson, T. and Gunn, IDM. (2010). Assessing aquatic macrophyte community change through the integration of palaeolimnological and historical data at Loch Leven, Scotland. Journal of Paleolimnology, 43(1), 191-204. DOI: 10.1007/s10933-009-9389-5.

Spears, BM., Carvalho, L., Perkins, R., O'Malley, MB. and Patterson, DM. (2010). The contribution of epipelon to total sediment microalgae in a shallow temperate eutrophic loch (Loch Leven, Scotland). Hydrobiologia, 646, 281-293. DOI: 10.1007/s10750-010-0187-x.

Spears, BM. and Jones, ID. (2010). The long-term (1979-2005) effects of the North Atlantic Oscillation on wind-induced wave mixing in Loch Leven (Scotland). Hydrobiologia, 646(1), 49-59. DOI: 10.1007/s10750-010-0188-9.

Ferguson, CA., Bowman, AW., Scott, EM. and Carvalho, L. (2009). Multivariate varying-cefficient models for an ecological system. Environmetrics, 20 (4), 460-476. DOI: 10.1002/env.945.

Spears, BM., Gunn, IDM., Carvalho, L., Winfield, IJ., Dudley, B., Murphy, K. and May, L. (2009). An evaluation of methods for sampling macrophyte maximum colonisation depth in Loch Leven, Scotland. Aquatic Botany, 91(2), 75-81. DOI: 10.1016/j.aquabot.2009.02.007.

Tyler, AN., Hunter, PD., Carvalho, L., Codd, GA., Elliott, A., Ferguson, CA., Hanley, ND., Hopkins, DW., Maberly, SC., Mearns, KJ. and Scott, EM. (2009). Strategies for monitoring and managing mass populations of toxic cyanobacteria in recreational waters: a multi-disciplinary approach. Environmental Health, 8 (S1), 11-. DOI: 10.1186/1476-069X-8-S1-S11.

Carvalho, L., Spears, B., Dudley, B., Gunn, I., Zimmerman, S., Defew, L. and May, L. (2008). Loch Leven 2007: trends in water quality and biological communities. Report to SEPA, 24pp.. Contract report.

Elliott, JA. and May, L. (2008). The sensitivity of phytoplankton in Loch Leven (U.K.) to changes in nutrient load and water temperature. Freshwater Biology, 53(1), 32-41. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2427.2007.01865.x.

Ferguson, CA., Carvalho, L., Scott, EM., Bowman, AW. and Kirika, A. (2008). Assessing ecological responses to environmental change using statistical models. Journal of Applied Ecology, 45(1), 193-203. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2664.2007.01428.x.

Spears, BM., Carvalho, L., Perkins, R. and Patterson, DM. (2008). The effects of light on sediment nutrient flux and water column nutrient stoichiometry in a shallow lake. Water Research, 42(4-5), 977-986. DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2007.09.012.

Carvalho, L., Dudley, B., Gunn, I. and Kirika, A. (2007). Loch Leven 2004-2006: trends in water quality and biological communities. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No. 262, 36pp.. Contract report.

Carvalho, L., Dudley, B., Gunn, I. and Kirika, A. (2007). Loch Leven 2004-06: trends in water quality and biological communities. Report to SNH.. Contract report.

Dudley, B., Defew, L. and May, L. (2007). Elevated phosphorus inputs to Loch Leven during storm events - implications for load estimation and catchment management.. Diffuse Phosphorus Loss. Risk Assessment, mitigation options and ecological effects in river basins, , 141-144.

Ferguson, CA., Bowman, AW., Scott, EM. and Carvalho, L. (2007). Model comparison for a comparison for a complex ecological system. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A, 170(3), 691-711. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-985X.2006.00462.x.

May, L., Carvalho, L., Gunn, IDM. and Kirika, A. (2007). The impact of trophic interactions on the recovery of Loch Leven after reduction in phosphorus loads. Diffuse Phosphorus Loss. Risk assessment, mitigation options and ecological effects in river basins, , 7173-.

Spears, BM., Carvalho, L., Perkins, R., Kirika, A. and Patterson, DM. (2007). Sediment phosphorus cycling in a large shallow lake: spatio-temporal variation in phosphorus pools and release. Hydrobiologia, 584, 37-48. DOI: 10.1007/s10750-007-0610-0.

Spears, BM., Carvalho, L. and Patterson, DM. (2007). Phosphorus partitioning in a shallow lake: implications for water quality management. Water and Environment Journal, 21, 47-53. DOI: 10.1111/j.1747-6593.2006.00045.x.

May, L. and Dudley, B. (2006). TMDL approach to managing phosphorus loads in lake catchments. In Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) Workshop, 7 April 2006, eds May L & Dudley B, report to Scottish Executive. Contract report.

Rennie, S., Irvine, L., Sherrin, L., Lane, A., Scott, W., Parr, T., Adamson, J., Arnold, K., Bonjean, M., Bradford, B., Carse, F., Chadd, R., Davy-Bowker, J., De Ville, M., Dodd, B., English, V., Foy, B., Fraser, D., Gunn, I., Gunn, R., Hatton-Ellis, M., Howard, S., Jeffery, J., Jerome, M., Lynch, D., Matthews, D., May, L., Meadows, P., Monteith, D., Moore, M., Moreland, T., Netherway, A., Pircher, E., Prigg, R., Proctor, B., Rhucroft, C., Rippon, L., Shafiq, N., Shilland, E., Tacon, J., Taylor, C., Taylor, S., Townend, V., Walmsley, R., Watson, H. and Whittingham, E. (2006). The UK ECN Annual Data Digest 2005 - Freshwater sites. ECN report.

Spears, BM., Carvalho, L., Perkins, R., Kirika, A. and Paterson, DM. (2006). Spatial and historical variation in sediment phosphorus fractions and mobility in a large shallow lake. Water Research, 40, 383-391. DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2005.11.013.

Carvalho, L. and Kirika, A. (2005). Loch Leven 2003: physical, chemical and algal aspects of water quality. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No. 114, 23pp.. Contract report.

Carvalho, L. and Kirika, A. (2005). Loch Leven 2003: physical, chemical and algal aspects of water quality. Final Report to Scottish Natural Heritage. Contract report.

May, L., Bennion, H., Elliot, A., Ferguson, C., Scott, M., Carvalho, L., Bowman, A. and Maberly, S. (2005). Cross comparison of long-term contemporary data and palaeolimnological data from lakes. EURO-LIMPACS Deliverable No. 11. Contract Report to EU.. Contract report.

Carvalho, L., Kirika, A. and Gunn, I. (2004). Long-term patterns of change in physical, chemical, and biological aspects of water quality at Loch Leven. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No. 31, 46pp.. Contract report.

Kirika, A. and Carvalho, L. (2004). Loch Leven 2002: physical, chemical and algal aspects of water quality. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No. 030, 22pp.. Contract report.

Kreiser, A., Monteith, D. and Shilland, E. (2004). Epilithic diatom analysis of samples from Environmental Change Network (ECN) sites, including time-series analysis of samples from Trout Beck. ECN report.

Rennie, S C., Scott, WA., Lane, AMJ., Sherrin, L., Parr, TW., Adamson, JK., Arnold, K., Black, K., Bradford, B., Broad, N., Brown, S., Bryers, P., Calder, G., Chadd, R., Corr, B., Clayton, J., Clelland, B., Cliff, A., Critchlow-Watton, N., Davy-Bowker, J., Davis, S., Dent, M., Dodd, B., Donald, M., Egan, G., Fraser, D., Friend, K., Foy, RH., Gilmore, R., Gogarty, L., Griksen, B., Gunn, I., Gunn, R., Hagan, E., Hern, A., Hewitt, D., Howard, S., Jerome, M., Jeffrey, J., Johnson, J., Keay, J., Love, A., May, L., Milne, I., Monteith, D., Murphy, F., Netherway, A., Outhwaite, J., Perrett, J., Prigg, R., Rendall, D., Rhucroft, C., Ross, A., Shilland, E., Smith, J., Smith, M., Tacon, J., Walmsley, R., Walpole, B., Watkins, G., Wiltshire, N. and Winter, M. (2004). The UK ECN Annual Data Digest 2003 - Freshwater sites. ECN report.

Carvalho, L., Kirika, A. and Gunn, IDM. (2003). Long-term Patterns of Change in Physical, Chemical and Biological Aspects of Water Quality at Loch Leven. Contract report to Scottish Natural Heritage. Contract report.

Carvalho, L. and Kirika, A. (2003). Changes in shallow lake functioning: response to climate change and nutrient reduction. Hydrobiologia, 506-509, 789-796. DOI: 10.1023/B:HYDR.0000008600.84544.0a.

Kirika, A. and Carvalho, L. (2003). Loch Leven 2002: physical, chemical and algal aspects of water quality. Contract report to Scottish Natural Heritage. Contract report.

Scott, WA., Lane, AMJ., Parr, TW., Rennie, S C., Adamson, JK., Arnold, K., Bradford, B., Bryers, P., Chadd, R., Clelland, B., Davy-Bowker, J., Davis, S., Dent, M., Egan, G., Farrer, J., Fraser, D., Friend, K., Foy, RH., Gogarty, L., Gunn, I., Hagan, E., Hewitt, D., Howard, S., Jerome, M., Jeffrey, J., Johnson, J., Kahl, J., Love, A., May, L., Milne, I., Monteith, D., Murphy, F., Netherway, A., Prigg, R., Rendall, D., Rhucroft, C., Shilland, E., Smith, J., Tacon, J., Taylor, S., Watkins, G. and Wiltshire, N. (2003). The UK ECN Annual Data Digest 2002 - Freshwater sites. ECN report.

Thomas, G. (2003). Investigating the effect of long-term temperature change at Loch Leven on zooplankton abundance and water quality. Dissertation.

Rennie, SC. (2002). Flexible information access for environmental data. Proceedings of the 2002 PhD Summer School of the British National Conference on Databases, Technical Report (CS-02-08), , 53-59.

Scott, WA., Adamson, JK., Rollinson, J. and Parr, TW. (2002). Monitoring of aquatic macrophytes for detection of long-term change in river systems. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 73(2), 131-153. DOI: 10.1023/A:1013023501051.

Scott, WA., Lane, AMJ., Parr, TW., Rennie, S C., Adamson, JK., Arnold, K., Bradford, B., Clelland, B., Davy-Bowker, J., Dent, M., Fraser, D., Friend, K., Foy, RH., Gunn, ID., Hewitt, D., Howard, S., Jerome, H., Jeffrey, J., Kahl, J., May, L., McCavana, K., McNally, J., Milne, I., Monteith, D., Murphy, F., Rendall, D., Rhucroft, C., Sanderson, R., Smith, J., Sutton, D., Tacon, J. and Wilkins, C. (2002). The UK ECN Annual Data Digest 2001 - Freshwater sites. ECN report.

Bailey-Watts, AE. and Kirika, A. (2001). Loch Leven 2001: physical, chemical and algal aspects of water quality, loch sediments. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report F01LH03, 19pp.. Contract report.

May, L., Bailey-Watts, AE. and Kirika, A. (2001). The relationship between Trichocerca pusilla (Jennings), Aulacoseira spp. and water temperature in Loch Leven, Scotland, U.K. Hydrobiologia, 446/447, 29-34. DOI: 10.1023/A:1017508719110.

Scott, WA., Lane, M., Parr, T., Caffrey, D., Rennie, S., Adamson, J., Clelland, B., Davy-Bowker, J., Dent, M., Evans, C., Fraser, D., Foy, B., Gunn, I., Hewitt, D., Howard, S., Jerome, M., Langley, E., Lennox, D., May, L., McCavana, K., McNally, J., Milne, I., Montieth, D., Moore, R., Murphy, F., Pirie, D., Owen, R., Rendall, D., Rhucroft, C., Steel, J., Tacon, J. and Wilkins, C. (2001). The UK ECN Annual Data Digest 2000 - Freshwater sites. ECN report.

Bailey-Watts, AE. and Kirika, A. (2000). Loch Leven 2000: physical, chemical and algal aspects of water quality, loch sediments. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report F99LH08, 24pp.. Contract report.

Scott, WA., Lane, AMJ., Parr, TW., Caffrey, DJ., Rennie, SC., Adamson, JK., Brown, L., Clelland, B., Davy-Bowker, J., Dent, M., Evans, C., Fraser, D., Foy, B., Gunn, I., Hewitt, D., Howard, S., Jerome, M., Langley, E., May, L., McCavanna, K., McNally, J., Milne, I., Monteith, D., Moore, R., Murphy, F., Pirie, D., Owen, R., Rendall, D., Rhucroft, C., Steel, J., Tacon, J., Wilkins, C. and Williams, P. (2000). The UK ECN Annual Data Digest 1999 - Freshwater sites. ECN report.

Bailey-Watts, AE. and Kirika, A. (1999). Poor water quality in Loch Leven (Scotland) in 1995, in spite of reduced phosphorus loadings since 1985: the influences of catchment management and inter-annual weather variation. Hydrobiologia, 403, 135-151.

Gunn, IDM. and May, L. (1999). Analysis of 1998 zooplankton samples. Report to SNH, 19pp.. Contract report.

LLCMP. (1999). The Loch Leven Catchment Management Plan (LLCMP Loch Leven Catchment Management Project). , -.

Lane, AMJ. (1999). ECN Data Reporting - Freshwater measurements. The United Kingdom Environmental Change Network: Protocols for standard measurements at freshwater sites, ITE.

Lane, AMJ. (1999). The ECN Database - Freshwater measurements. The United Kingdom Environmental Change Network: Protocols for standard measurements at freshwater sites, ITE.

Parr, TW., Monteith, M. and Gibson, M. (1999). Aquatic macrophytes. The United Kingdom Environmental Change Network: Protocols for standard measurements at freshwater sites, ITE. Available online.

Sykes, JM., Lane, AMJ. and George, DG. (1999). The UK Environmental Change Network: Protocols for standard measurements at freshwater sites. , ITE.

Scott, WA., Parr, TW., Lane, AMJ., Adamson, J., Archer, G., Best, G., Broome, R., Clayton, J., Dent, M., Farrell, S., Foy, B., Hewitt, D., Lowson, D., Majory, C., May, L., Monteith, D., Owen, R., Proctor, B., Ralph, S., Rendall, D., Rose, G. and Tacon, J. (1998). The UK ECN Annual Data Digest 1995 - Freshwater Sites. ECN report.

Gunn, IDM. and May, L. (1997). Analysis of 1996 zooplankton samples - Loch Leven NNR. Report to SNH, 18pp.. Contract report.

Bailey-Watts, AE. and Kirika, A. (1996). A brief review of Loch Leven studies and some new findings on the deiments as an unusual diffuse source of phosphorus. Proceedings from a conference on Diffuse Pollution and Agriculture, , 224-232.

Beattie, RC., Adamson, JK. and Sykes, JM. (1996). Frog spawn. The United Kingdom Environmental Change Network: Protocols for standard measurements at terrestrial sites, The Stationery Office. Available online.

Bojanic, D., Adamson, JK., Rowland, AP. and Sykes, JM. (1996). Atmospheric chemistry. The United Kingdom Environmental Change Network: Protocols for standard measurements at terrestrial sites, The Stationery Office. Available online.

Gunn, IDM. and May, L. (1996). Analysis of 1995 zooplankton samples - Loch Leven NNR. Report to SNH, 21pp.. Contract report.

Sykes, JM. and Lane, AMJ. (1996). The UK Environmental Change Network: Protocols for standard measurements at terrestrial sites. , The Stationery Office.

Gunn, IDM. and May, L. (1995). Analysis of 1994 Loch Leven zooplankton samples. Report to SNH, 19pp.. Contract report.

Bailey-Watts, AE., Kirika, A., Gunn, IDM., Bryant, CL. and Wiltshire, NJ. (1994). The environment of fish: physics, phosphorus, phytoplankton and fleas. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 4, -.

Bailey-Watts, AE., Kirika, A. and Hakansson, H. (1994). The effects of factorial nutient enrichments on a planktonic unicellular Centrales-dominated assemblage: clues to the factors controlling biomass in Loch Leven late winter-early spring in 1981. Diatom Research, 9, 1-15.

Bailey-Watts, AE. and Kirika, A. (1994). Loch Leven NNR: water quality 1992 and 1993 with special reference to nutrients and phytoplankton, and an assessment of phosphorus levels in loch sediments. Scottish Natural Heritage Research, Survey and Monitoring Report No.29, 74pp.. Contract report.

Farmer, JG., Bailey-Watts, AE., Kirika, A. and Scott, C. (1994). Phosphorus fractionation and mobility in Loch Leven sediments. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 4, 45-46.

Gunn, IDM. and Kirika, A. (1994). Benthic Invertebrate Survey - Loch Leven NNR (1994). Report to SNH, 17pp.. Contract report.

Gunn, IDM., May, L. and Bailey-Watts, AE. (1994). Analysis of 1993 Loch Leven crustacean zooplankton samples. Report to SNH, 14pp.. Contract report.

May, L., Gunn, IDM. and Bailey-Watts, AE. (1993). Zooplankton of Loch Leven, Kinross-shire, Scotland. Report to SNH, 36pp.. Contract report.

May, L., Bailey-Watts, AE. and Kirika, A. (1993). The ecology of Synchaeta kitina Rousselet in Loch Leven, Scotland. Hydrobiologia, 255-256, 305-315.

Bailey-Watts, AE., May, L. and Kirika, A. (1992). Nutrients and phytoplankton in Loch Leven 1991 - a good year for Anabaena in spite of earlier reduction in the external phosphorus loading. Report to NCC for Scotland, 10pp.. Contract report.

Bailey-Watts, AE., May, L. and Kirika, A. (1991). Nutrients, phytoplankton and water clarity in Loch Leven following phosphorus loading reduction. Report to Scottish Development Department, 26pp.. Contract report.

Bailey-Watts, AE., Kirika, A., May, L. and Jones, DH. (1990). Changes in phytoplankton over various time-scales in a shallow eutrophic lake: the Loch Leven experience with special reference to the influence of flushing rate. Freshwater Biology, 23, 85-111.


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